Ronald Ross "for account sweeping facility his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it".
Marie Curie "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel".
While there is no controversy about a woman winning, there may be some concern among traditionalists that both this year's winners might be described more as social scientists rather than economists in the strict sense.Americans Elizabeth Blackburn, 60, and Carol Greider, 48, shared the Nobel for Medicine with Jack Szostak for revealing the existence of telomerase, an enzyme that helps prevent the fraying of chromosomes that underlies ageing and cancer.Josephson "for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects".Teenager Malala Yousafzai from Pakistan, who was shot in the head by the Taliban, has become the youngest person ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize.This award demonstrates, in a way that no previous prize has, that the prize is moving toward a Nobel in Social Science, not a Nobel in Economics.".Bragg and his father, Sir William Henry Bragg, won the award jointly for their work with X-ray spectra, X-ray diffraction and crystal structure.Thousands of people are nominated each year and the list is long and often secretive.Marie Curie "in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element".In the statutes of the Nobel Foundation it says: "If none of the works under consideration is found to be of the importance indicated in the first paragraph, the prize money shall be reserved until the following year.Professor Ostrom has written notably about how common resources like forests and fisheries are best exploited if the rules and regulations are set by their actual users rather than by government."I'm still a little bit in shock.".Five women have won Nobel Prizes this year, smashing the previous record of three.Rudolf Mössbauer "for his researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this connection of the effect which bears his name".The 17-year-old was fired at from point blank range on her school bus in 2012.Coase "for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy" The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1979 Georg Wittig "for their development of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into.Herta Müller, 56, a German writer born in Romania, won the Literature prize for her critical depiction of life behind the Iron Curtain under the dictator Nicolae Ceausescu.
She believed girls had the right to stay in school to be educated, which the Taliban was against.
Among them, of course, is President Barack Obama, who is now dealing politically with the controversy generated by his selection as this year's Nobel Peace laureate.
Bohr "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection" The Nobel Prize in Physics 1979 Abdus Salam "for their contributions.Her win ensured that 2009 was a record-breaking Nobel year for women, with five female winners.The Nobel Prize in Literature 1957.The grip enjoyed by men on the Nobel Prize for Economics was broken at last yesterday when Elinor Ostrom, a professor at the University of Indiana, became the first woman to be honoured with the award.Bridgman "for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics" The Nobel Prize in Physics 1990 Henry.Shazia Ramzan added: "In my city in Pakistan girls' education is improved because of Malala.".Steven Levitt, an economics professor at the University of Chicago, said: "The economics profession is going to hate the prize going to Ostrom even more than Republicans hated the Peace prize going to Obama.The Nobel Peace Prize is one of five awards; the other categories are chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine and literature.Other winners included Herta Müller, who won the Literature prize for works that drew on her suffering under communist, police-state oppression in Romania.
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1907.
Robert groupon coupon code free shipping Hofstadter "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons".